When this expected Rapture failed to occur on time in 1878, The Herald's editor, Mr.Barbour, came up with "new light" on this and other doctrines.At this point Charles Russell no longer wanted to consider himself an Adventist, nor a Millerite.
The formation of a distinct denomination around Russell was a gradual development. were often church members who saw the magazine as a para-church ministry, not as an anti-church alternative.
His immediate break was, not with Adventism, but with the person and policies of N. Russell traveled about speaking from the pulpits of Protestant churches as well as to gatherings of his own followers.
But they do not often admit this to outsiders; nor do many Witnesses know the details themselves.
Jehovah's Witnesses are accustomed to defending themselves against the charge that they are a new religious cult.
In the summer of 1876 wealthy Russell paid Barbour's way to and met with him to discuss both beliefs and finances.