It is home to two modern thermal power plants a fertilizer plant, a large oil refinery, a Zoo, and the Qila Mubarak fort.
Bathinda is one of the biggest food grain and cotton markets in northern India, and the area around Bathinda has become a large grape growing area.
The Multinational Corporation Pepsi processes horticultural products grown in Bathinda.
Major industries in Bathinda include, National Fertilizers Plant, two power plants: Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant and Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant(Lehra Mohabbat), Petrochemical Plants, Yarn & Textiles Plants, Citrus Fruit Belts and Sugar Mills.
In 1004, Mahmud of Ghazni besieged the local fort, which was located on the route from the northwest into the rich Ganges valley.