Geologic processes include the uplift of mountain ranges, the growth of volcanoes, isostatic changes in land surface elevation (sometimes in response to surface processes), and the formation of deep sedimentary basins where the surface of the Earth drops and is filled with material eroded from other parts of the landscape.
14: Methods in Geomorphology, Edition: Academic Press, San Diego, Chapter: Chapter: 14.36 An introduction to dating techniques: A guide for Geomorphologists., Publisher: Elsevier, Editors: John F.
(2003) Radiogenic and Isotopic Methods for the Direct Dating of Fluvial Sediments, in Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology (eds G.
Soils geomorphologists investigate soil profiles and chemistry to learn about the history of a particular landscape and understand how climate, biota, and rock interact.
Other geomorphologists study how hillslopes form and change.
Emphasis will be placed upon cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating of landforms, but radiocarbon, U-Th disequilibrium, 39Ar-40Ar, luminescence, dendrochronology and lichenometry will also be discussed.